WatTech has been developing the Zinc-Air technology for several years, knowledgeable that it will take multiple breakthroughs to have a market-ready battery system.

Public Research


1 Chen, Z.; Choi, J.; Wang, H.; Li, H.; Chen, Z. W., Highly durable and active non-precious air cathode catalyst for zinc air battery. Journal of Power Sources 2011, 196 (7), 3673-3677. Link
2 Zhu, S.; Chen, Z.; Li, B.; Higgins, D. C.; Wang, H.; Li, H.; Chen, Z. W., Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes as air cathode catalysts in zinc-air battery. Electrochimica Acta 2011, 56 (14), 5080-5084. Link


3 Chen, Z.; Yu, A.; Ahmed, R.; Wang, H.; Li, H.; Chen, Z. W., Manganese dioxide nanotube and nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube based composite bifunctional catalyst for rechargeable zinc-air battery. Electrochimica Acta 2012, 69, 295-300 Link


4 Lee, D. U.; Park, H.; Higgins, D. C.; Nazar, L.; Chen, Z. W., Highly Active Graphene Nanosheets Prepared via Extremely Rapid Heating as Efficient Zinc-Air Battery Electrode Material. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2013, 160 (9), F910-F915 Link


5 Lee, D. U.; Choi, J.; Feng, K.; Park, H.; Chen, Z. W., Advanced Extremely Durable 3D Bifunctional Air Electrodes for Rechargeable Zinc-Air Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials 2014, 4 (6) Link
6 Lee, D. U.; Scott, J.; Park, H. W.; Abureden, P.; Choi, J.; Chen, Z. W., Morphologically controlled Co3O4 nanodisks as practical bi-functional catalyst for rechargeable zinc–air battery applications. Electrochemistry Communications 2014, 43 109-112 Link


7 Lee, D.U.; Park, H. W. ; Park, M.G.; Ismayilov, V; and Chen Z. W. Synergistic Bifunctional Catalyst Design based on Perovskite Oxide Nanoparticles and Intertwined Carbon Nanotubes for Rechargeable Zinc-Air Battery Applications. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015, 7 (1), 902-910 Link